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What is a lie?

According to Duden, a lie is a "deliberately false, deceptive statement", which is "knowingly (untruthfully) expressed." [1]

In Wikipedia, under the entry "lie" the following is to be found:

"A lie is a statement from which the sender (liar) knows or suspects that it is untrue, and which is expressed with the intention that the recipient (s) nevertheless believes it or" the (nonverbal) communication of a subjective Untruth with the aim of provoking or maintaining the wrong impression. [Sic].
Lies serve to gain an advantage, for example, to conceal a mistake or a forbidden action and thus escape criticism or punishment. It is also made out of courtesy, shame, fear, fear, insecurity or distress ("deception") in order to thwart the opponent's plans or to protect the person, other persons or interests (eg privacy, intimate sphere, Economic interests), compulsive / pathological or for fun." [2]

From a legal point of view, "a lie as a slander or as an outrage, such as misrepresentation or perjury in a witness who always has to tell the truth." [3]

For this purpose, the "Swiss law" under "defamation" under Article 174 et al. As follows:

"1. Whoever accuses or suspects someone against better knowledge in another of dishonest behavior or other facts liable to damage his reputation,

Who spreads such an accusation or suspicion against better knowledge.

Shall be punishable on imprisonment for a term of up to three years or a fine." [4]


Oath insurance / Public certification

I would like to hereby express and point out that I am prepared to issue an affidavit to ensure that all of my statements made on this website are true.

A corresponding declaration according to the preliminary draft of the planned amendment of the Swiss Civil Code as of December 2012 [5] which corresponds to the usual affidavit insurance in Germany and would also be declared by me in writing.

This planned amendment states:


„Art. 55g

    6. Obligation to tell the truth

1 The person who is responsible for the proceedings certifies true faith. In particular, they do not make any statements to the public, which he knows is not true.

2 He clearly asserts.“ [6]



I am also very happy to provide additional documents, which underline the proof of my statements!

At this point, I would like to declare that all of the information on these Internet pages were made to the best of my knowledge, and I would be more than glad to provide further information and documents, if at all necessary, which support my statements.

Please do not hesitate to contact me.


Itemization / footnote:

1. Internetseite Duden (2017)
    Wörterbuch: Lüge, die
    [Online im Internet:] URL: http://www.duden.de/rechtschreibung/Luege [Stand 19.06.2017]

2. Wikipedia - die freie Enzyklopädie (2017)

    Artikel: Lüge
    [Online im Internet:] URL: https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/L%C3%BCge [Stand 19.06.2017]


3. Wikipedia - die freie Enzyklopädie (2017)

    Artikel: Lüge, Absatz Strafrecht
    [Online im Internet:] URL: https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/L%C3%BCge [Stand 19.06.2017]

4. Internetseite Schweizerisches Strafgesetzbuch SR 311 (2017)
    Art. 174 1. Ehrverletzungen. / Verleumdung
    [Online im Internet:] URL: https://www.admin.ch/opc/de/classified-compilation/19370083/index.html [Stand 19.06.2017]

5. Eidgenössisches Justiz- und Polizeidepartement EJPD) (2017)  

    Bundesamt für Justiz BJ - Direktionsbereich Privatrecht

    Schweizerisches Zivilgesetzbuch (Änderung betreffend öffentliche Beurkundung)

    [Online im Internet:] URL: https://www.ejpd.admin.ch/dam/data/bj/aktuell/news/2012/2012-12-14/vn-ber-d.pdf [Stand 23.06.2017]

6. Vorentwurf Schweizerisches Zivilgesetzbuch (Öffentliche Beurkundung) (2017)

    Art. 55

    [Online im Internet:] URL: https://www.admin.ch/ch/d/gg/pc/documents/2215/ZGB_Oeffentliche-Beurkundung_Entwurf_de.pdf [Stand 23.06.2017]